Rights of the Prophet
Umm Abdur-Rahman Hirschfelder
Muhammad, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, deserves special rights,
which are due only to the final Prophet and Messenger. These
rights have been enjoined upon us by Allah and are part of
safeguarding the perfect religion of Islam. Unfortunately
many Muslims today have become confused with regard to these
rights and have innovated practices that have no basis in
Islam. The Prophet himself knew that such practices would
happen and warned against them,
newly invented matters [in religion, that is] for every invented
matter [in religion] in a cursed innovation which leads astray."
(Tirmidhi and Abu Dawood) So as Muslims we must stick
to giving our Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, his rights
as commanded by Allah and stay away from the innovations that
either ignore these rights or take them to extremes.
Allah sent Muhammad, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, to all of
mankind, with the divine message of la ilaha illa Allah (there
is no deity worthy of worship except Allah). He brought glad
tidings of Paradise to the believers and warning of the punishment
of the Hellfire to the disbelievers. He called to tawheed,
the belief that Allah is the sole Creator and Lord of the
universe, and therefore He alone should be worshipped. Believing
in Allah is also believing in His Messenger.
TO BELIEVE IN HIM
There is no doubt that the first of our Prophet's rights,
sallalahu allayhe wa salam, is to believe in him and to believe
in the message he was sent with. Allah says, "Believe
in Allah and His Messenger and the light which He sent down."[64:8]
Qadhi Iyadh said in his famous and important book about the
rights of the Prophet, Ash-Shifaa, that, "Belief in the
Prophet Muhammad is therefore an obligation for every individual.
Belief is not complete without it and Islam is only valid
with it." Allah has linked belief in Him with belief
in His Messenger. They are inseparable. This is what the shahadah,
the declaration of faith, means. Even if a person follows
other prophets like Musa and Eesa, alayhamas salam, he is
not a believer until he completely follows the teachings of
Muhammad, sallalahu allayhe wa salam. Abu Hurairah reported
that the Messenger of Allah, sallalahu allayhe wa salam said,
"I was commanded to fight people until they
testify that there is no god but Allah and believe in me and
what I have brought. When they do that, their blood and property
are protected from me except for a right (they owe). Their
reckoning is with Allah."
Believing in the Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, therefore,
is about living according to his guidance. It is much more
than just mere recognition of the fact that he is a prophet.
"When the hypocrites come to
you, they say, 'We testify that you are the Messenger of Allah'
and Allah knows that you are His Messenger and Allah testifies
that the hypocrites are liars."
At the time of the Prophet Muhammad, sallalahu allayhe wa
salam, the Jews who lived in Arabia had been waiting for the
promised Prophet that they knew of from their scriptures.
But when Prophet Muhammad, sallalahu allaye wa salam, came
they rejected him out of arrogance because he was not a Jew.
Many of the rabbis, however, recognized that he was a Prophet
but did not accept him or believe in him. Allah says about
"Those to whom We gave the scriptures
recognize him as they recognize their sons. But verily, a
party of them conceal the truth while they know it."
Ibn Is'haq reports in his biography of the Prophet, sallalahu
allayhe wa salam, that Safiyah bint Huyayy said,
was the favourite child of my father and my uncle Abu Yasir.
When I was present they took no notice of their other children.
When the apostle was staying in Quba with the brother 'Amr
ibn 'Auf, the two went to see him before daybreak and did
not return until after nightfall, weary, worn out, drooping
and feeble. I went up to them in childish pleasure as I always
did and they were so sunk in gloom that they took no notice
of me. I heard my uncle say to my father, 'Is he the one?
Do you recognize him? Can you be sure?' 'Yes!' 'And what do
you feel about him?' 'By God, I shall be his enemy as long
as I live!'" Believing in something is more than just
recognizing that it exists. Satan, as explained in the Qur'an,
recognizes that Allah exists yet he is the worst of the disbelievers.
2. TO OBEY HIM
The second right, which is due to our beloved Prophet, sallalahu
allayhe wa salam, is that we obey him. Allah says,
you who believe, obey Allah and His Messenger..."
has mentioned obedience to the Messenger in connection with
obedience to Him. You cannot have one without the other. Obeying
the Messenger means, following his commands and staying away
from what he has prohibited. Abu Hurairah narrated that the
prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, said:
of my ummah will enter Paradise except for those who refuse
to." They asked, "O Messenger of Allah, who will
refuse?" He replied, "Whoever obeys me will enter
the Paradise. Whoever disobeys me has refused."
3. TO FOLLOW HIM
have a good model in the Messenger of Allah for one who hopes
for Allah and the last day."
on this verse, Imam at-Tirmidhii said,
"To take the
Messenger as a model means to emulate him, follow his Sunnah
and avoid opposition to him in either word or action."
We should strive to follow his mode of life, his sayings and
doings, his conduct and manners.
can see from the Prophet's companions, the way in which they
emulated the Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, followed
his examples, and modeled their behaviors upon his. This is
what is means to follow the Prophet Muhammad. A man from Khalid
ibn Asid's family asked Abdullah ibn Umar,
We find the fear salah and the salah at home in the Qur'an,
but we do not find the travelling salah." Ibn Umar said,
"My nephew, Allah sent Muhammad, sallalahu allayhe wa
salam, to us when we did not know anything. We do as we saw
him doing." When Umar looked at the black stone and he
said, "You are a stone and can neither help nor harm.
If I had not seen the Messenger of Allah kiss you, I would
not have kissed you." Then he kissed it. Umar ibn Abdul
Aziz said, "The Messenger of Allah made a Sunnah and
the people in command after him made sunnahs. To adopt them
is to confirm the Book of Allah and to act on them is to obey
Allah and strengthen the deen of Allah. It is not for anyone
to change the Sunnah, or alter it, or to look into the opinion
of those who oppose it. Whoever follows it, is guided. Whoever
opposes it and follows other than the path of the believers,
Allah will entrust im to what he turns to and will roast him
in the hellfire, which is a bad ending."
4. TO LOVE HIM
Muslim must love the Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam,
truthfully. Allah says,
"Say, if your fathers, your sons, your brothers,
your wives, your tribe and the possessions you have earned,
commerce you fear may slacken, dwellings you love - if these
are dearer to you than Allah and His Messenger and to struggle
in His way, then wait until Allah brings His command."
Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, said,
of you will believe until I am more beloved to you than your
children, your fathers, and all people."
Umar ibnul Khattab said to the Prophet, "I love you more
than anything except my soul, which is between my two sides.
The Prophet replied, "None of you will believe until
I am dearer to him than his own soul."
Umar said, "By the One who sent down the Book to you,
I love you more than my soul which is between my two sides."
The Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, said, "Now,
O Umar, now you have it."
to this love is nasiha. Nasiha is usually translated as good
counsel and sincere conduct. It is "used to designate
the desire for what is good for the one who is its object."
Linguistically it means purity. The Messenger of Allah, sallalahu
allayhe wa salam, said,
"The deen is nasiha.
The deen is nasiha. The deen is nasiha."
They asked, "To whom, Messenger of Allah?" He said,
"To Allah and His Book and His Messenger
and the imams of the muslims and the common people."
Nasiha to the Messenger of Allah is confirming his Prophethood,
obeying him, supporting and protecting him, and following
his Sunnah. Abu Bakr al-Ajurri said, "Nasiha for his
sake includes two types of sincere conduct. One is nasiha
during his lifetime and the other is nasiha after his death."
During his lifetime it was helping, protecting and obeying
him. After his death it is "By maintaining esteem, respect
and great love for him.
By persevering in learning his
Sunnah and understanding his Shari'ah. It is to love for the
people of his house and his companions, avoiding things disliked
in his Sunnah and what deviates from it."
loving the Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, is an obligation,
it comes with an excellent reward. Anas said that a man came
to the Prophet and asked, "When will the last Hour come,
Messenger of Allah?" He said,
you prepared for it?"
not prepared a lot of salah or fasting or charity for it,
but I love Allah and His Messenger."
"You will be with the one you love."
He also said,
"Whoever loves me will be with
me in the Garden."
for the Prophet Muhammad, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, manifests
itself in many ways. One will prefer what the Prophet came
with, over his own desires. His anger against people will
be for the sake of Allah. He will mention the Prophet often.
He will have a yearning to meet him. He will exalt and respect
him and be humble when he hears his name mentioned. He will
have love for the Qur'an, which the Prophet brought. He will
have compassion for his community, striving for their best
interests. And another sign for love of the Prophet, sallalahu
allahe wa salam, is that he who aspires to it, does without
in this world and prefers poverty. The Prophet said,
for those among you who love me comes quicker than a flood
from the top of the mountain to the bottom."
5. TO RESPECT HIM
Prophet, We have sent you as a witness and a bringer of good
news and a warner,so believe in Allah and His Messenger and
help him and respect him."
for the Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, includes honoring
him, exalting him, calling him with the noblest title such
as the Messenger of Allah or Prophet of Allah. It includes
putting his opinion over our own and defending him if he is
said that when he was asked about Ayyub as-Sakhtiyani he said,
"I have not reported from anyone without Ayyub being
better than him." He went on,
"I went on hajj
twice and watched him. Whenever the Messenger of Allah, sallalahu
allayhe wa salam, was mentioned, he wept until his eyes were
red. When I saw him do that and the respect he had for the
Prophet, I wrote down things from him."
for the Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, also includes
respecting his family. The Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam,
"Recognition of the family of Muhammad
is freedom from the fire. Love for the family of Muhammad
is crossing over sirat. Friendship for the family of Muhammad
is safety from the fire." He also said about al-Hasan
and al-Husayn, his grandsons, "Whoever loves these two
and their father and mother will be with me on the day of
Abu Bakr said, "Respect Muhammad
by respecting the people of his house."
also includes respecting his companions. Allah says about
those who pledged allegiance to the Prophet at al-hudaybiyah,
was pleased with the believers when they gave allegiance to
you under the tree."
"Do not curse my companions.
If any of you were to spend the weight of Uhud in gold, it
still would not reach the measure of one of them or even one-half
it is forbidden to curse the Prophet Muhammad. Allah said,
who abuse Allah and His Messenger, Allah has cursed them in
this world and the next world. He has prepared a humiliating
punishment for them."
Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, said,
curses a prophet, kill him. Whoever curses my companions,
is also not allowed to even joke about the Prophet or the
religion of Islam. Allah said,
you ask them, they declare, 'We were only talking idly and
joking.' Say, 'Was it Allah and His ayah and His Messenger
that you were mocking?"
is reported that in the course of the campaign of Tabuk, a
man came up one day and declared, "We have seen no people
with greater appetite, more lying, or more cowardly in battle
than the Prophet of Allah and his reciting companions."
Awf ibn Malik rose and said, "It is rather you that are
a liar. You are a hypocrite, pretending to be a Muslim. I
shall tell the Prophet of Allah about you." Awf then
went to the Prophet to inform him but found that revelation
had already preceded him. (When the news reached) the man,
he mounted on his camel, sought the Prophet of Allah and said,
"But we were only joking, trying to pass time while travelling."
Ibn Umar said, "He was clinging to the saddle belt of
the Prophet's camel as it ran, his feet and legs being battered
by the rough ground and repeating, "But we were only
joking." And the Prophet insisting without turning his
face to him,
"Joking? Joking with Allah,
with His revelation? With His Prophet?"
6. TO JUDGE ACCORDING TO HIS SHARIAH
sixth right of the Prophet Muhammad, sallalahu allayhe wa
salam, is to judge by him and be pleased with his judgment.
you quarrel over anything, then refer it back to Allah and
it is incumbent upon us to look in the Qur'an and the hadeeth
of the Messenger of Allah when we have a question about something.
We must follow the laws that the Prophet Muhammad, sallalahu
allayhe wa salam, brought and judge by them, and rule according
the time of the Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, when
he was once reciting,
took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides
Allah, and the Messiah, son of Maryam, while they were commanded
to worship none but One deity, none has the right to be worshiped
but He. Praise and glory be to Him, far above is He from having
the partners they associate"
former Christian, Adi ibn Hatim, said, "O Allah's Messenger.
They do not worship them." Allah's Messenger said,
certainly do. They (i.e. rabbis and monks) made lawful things
as unlawful and unlawful things as lawful, and they (i.e.
Jews and Christians) followed them, and by doing so, they
really worshiped them."
cannot put our own desires above the laws of Allah and that
which the Messenger, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, brought.
To do so essentially, is to believe that we know better than
Allah. Allah is our Creator and He know us
better than we know our ownselves.
He is the All-Knower of what is in the chests."
knows what is best for us and He has perfect wisdom and He
is Just in all that He decrees. Ruling by other than what
Allah revealed is therefore tantamount to disbelief.
TO SEND PRAYERS AND SALAAM UPON HIM
The seventh right that is due to the Prophet Muhammad, sallalahu
allayhe wa salam, is saying the salah and salaam upon him.
sends His salah [blessings, mercy] on the Prophet and His
angels too [ask Allah to bless and forgive him]. O you who
believe, send your salah on him and [you should] greet him
with the Islamic way of greeting [i.e. as-salamu alaikum]."
Muhammad, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, said,
blesses me once, Allah blesses him with ten salahs and ten
wrong actions fall away from him and he is raised by ten degrees."
And he said, "The nearest people to me on the Day of
Rising will be those who have said the most salahs on me."
Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, taught one way in which
to say the salah on him. Abu Humayd as-Saidi said that they
said, "Messenger of Allah, how should we pray on you?"
"Say, O Allah, bless Muhammad
and his wives and his descendants as You blessed the family
of Ibrahim and grant blessing to Muhammad and his wives and
his descendants as You granted blessing to the family of Ibrahim.
You are the Praiseworthy, Glorious."
is the tashahud, which is said in the sitting of the salah.
Another way is to say, 'sallalahu allayhe wa salam' (peace
and blessings be upon him) when the Prophet, sallalahu allayhe
wa salam is mentioned.
meaning of sending salaam upon the Prophet is asking Allah
to preserve him from any harm coming to him and it is also
a greeting to the Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam. Abu
Hurairah said that the Messenger of Allah said,
anyone greets me with peace, Allah will return my soul to
me so that I can return the greeting."
Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, also said,
will hear whoever blesses me at my grave. If someone is far
away and blesses me, that is also conveyed to me."
Allah has commanded that we send salah and salaams upon the
Prophet Muhammad, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, then it is a
general obligation and not restricted to a specific time.
The obligation is that we must do it as least once. However,
saying it more than once is highly recommended and is the
times include when one is supplicating to Allah for something.
Ibn Mas'ud said,
"When one of you wants to ask Allah
for something, he should begin by praising and extolling Him
as He deserves, and then by blessing the Prophet. Then his
supplication is more likely to be accepted."
during the Athan, on Friday, when entering the masjid and
when leaving the masjid, at the funeral salah, and when writing
letters, are other highly recommended times. The Prophet,
sallalahu allayhe wa salam, said,
blesses me in a book or a letter, the angels continue to ask
forgiveness for him as long as my name is on it."
STICKING TO HIS SUNNAH AND AVOIDING INNOVATIONS
While the Prophet Muhammad, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, deserves
and is due the aformentioned rights, it is also important
that we don't go to extremes regarding his rights. Many Muslims
today have innovated practices into the religion concerning
his rights. It is indeed correct that the Prophet Muhammad,
sallalahu allayhe wa salam, deserves certain rights, but to
innovate practices that go against his very teachings under
the guises of loving and respecting him is bid'ah and will
only lead to the fire. The Prophet, sallalahu alayhe wa salah,
"Beware of newly invented matters [in
religion] for every invented matter [in religion] is a cursed
innovation which leads astray."
Common ways in which we defy the Prophet (S.A.W)
such innovation to avoid is deifying Muhammad, sallalahu alayhe
wa salam. This is how the Christians went astray with their
belief in Jesus. After his death they began to worship him
as their deity and left the tawheed that he brought them.
Allah says about them,
in disbelief are they who say that Allah is the Messiah, son
of Maryam. Say, 'Who then has the least power against Allah
if He were to destroy the Messiah, son of Maryam, his mother,
and all those who are on the earth together?' "
deifying Prophet Muhammad, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, would
throw a person into disbelief. Muhammad wa a servant and a
worshipper of Allah. He was a Prophet and a Messenger. Allah
is no more than a Messenger."
Prophet Muhammad said,
"Do not exaggerate
in praising me as the Christians exaggerated in their praise
the son of Maryam. For indeed I am a slave, so say, 'The slave
of Allah and His Messenger.' "
cannot claim that Muhammad, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, knew
the unseen or brought harm or benefit or even guided anyone.
These are things that only Allah knows and has the power to
do. Muhammad only knew what knowledge Allah revealed to him
and he does not have the ability to decree anything. Allah
(O Muhammad), 'I know not whether [the punishment] is near
Or whether my Lord will appoint for it a distant term. (He
alone is) the All-Knower of the unseen, and He reveals to
none His unseen."
keeping away from deifying the Prophet, sallalahu allayhe
wa salam, we must also accept his death. He was human and
all humans must die, for Allah says,
you (O Muhammad) will die and verily they will die."
to this in innovation is istigatha to the Prophet, sallalahu
allayhe wa salam. Istigatha means to call for help, or to
appeal for aid. Some Muslims have gone astray, to the point
of calling upon the Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, for
help, instead of Allah. This is tantamount to shirk, which
Allah does not forgive. Allah says,
not call onto any beings other than Allah. These are capable
of neither benefit nor harm. To do so is therefore to become
guilty of wrongdoing. When Allah invests you with an affliction,
none can remove it except Him."
2. Through Tawassul
Another innovation that has become popular is making tawassul
by the right of the Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam. The
meaning of tawassul is to draw near to what one seeks after,
and to approach that which one desires. Allah says in the
you who believe! Do your duty to Allah and fear Him. Seek
the means of approach [al-wasilah] to Him, and strive hard
in His cause as much as you can. So that you may be successful."
Kathir said that the meaning of wasilah is to draw closer.
are three types of tawassul that are allowable in Islam. The
first is by Allah's names and attributes. The proof for this
is the verse,
the most beautiful names belong to Allah, so call on Him by
Al-Albaanee said that the meaning of this verse is, "Call
upon Allah, the Most High, by means of [performing tawassul
with] His perfect Names, and there is no doubt that His exalted
Attributes fit into this since His Names are Attributes of
His." Also the Prophet used to seek Allah's refuge with
"O Allah, I seek refuge in Your
Might, none has the right to be worshiped but You."
second type is by means of a righteous deed, which one has
done. Allah says,
who say, 'Our Lord. We have indeed believed, so forgive us
our sins and save us from the punishment of the fire."
it is allowed to use a righteous action that one has performed
in one's supplication as a means of tawassul so that his supplication
is more likely to be responded to. An example of this is the
hadeeth reported by Abdullah Ibn Umar who said that the Prophet
said, "Three men amongst those who came before you set
out until night came and they reached a cave, so they entered
it. But a boulder rolled down from the mountain and blocked
the entrance of the cave. So they said: Nothing can rescue
you from this rock except that you supplicated to Allah by
mentioning righteous deeds you have done. So one of them said,
'O Allah I had two elderly parents and I had not used to give
precedence over them to my family and slaves in giving them
milk to drink. But one day I was delayed in seeking after
something and I did not return with the flock until they had
slept. So I milked the animals for them but found that they
were both asleep. However I hated to give milk to my family
and slaves before them, so I waited with the bowl in my hand
for them to awake. Then with the break of dawn they awoke
and drank their milk. O Allah if I did that seeking Your Face,
then relieve us from this situation caused by the rock.' So
it moved slightly, but they were unable to escape. The Prophet,
sallalahu allayhe wa salam, said, 'The next said, 'O Allah
my uncle had a daughter and she was the most beloved of the
people to me and I tried to persuade her to have sexual relations
with me, but she refused until she suffered from a year of
famine. Then she came to me and I gave her a hundred and twenty
dinars on the condition that she would comply with me desire
for her, so she agreed. But when I was about to fulfill my
desire she said "It is unlawful for you to break the
seal except by lawful means." So I felt ashamed to commit
the crime against her so I left her alone, and she was the
dearest of all the people to me, and I left the gold which
I had given her. O Allah if I did that seeking Your Face then
release us from the situation we are in.' So the rock opened
further, but they were still unable to escape." The Prophet,
sallalahu allayhe wa salam said, 'And the third said, 'O Allah
I employed some laborers and paid them their wages except
a single man who did not take his wages and went away. I invested
his wages and it grew into a great deal of property. Then
after some time he came to me and said, 'O servant of Allah,
give me my wages.' So I said to him, 'All the camels, cows,
sheep and slaves that you see are your wages.' So he said,
'O servant of Allah, do not mock me.' So I said, 'I am not
mocking you.' So he took all of that and led them away and
did not leave any of it. O all if I did that seeking Your
Face, then release us from our situation.' So the rock moved
and they walked out of the cave."
third allowable type of tawassul is through the supplication
made by a righteous man. This means going to a man whom one
deems to be righteous and asking him to supplicated for him.
There are a number of examples of this in the Sunnah of the
Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam. A man once came to the
prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, and asked him to pray
for rain because they were having a drought. The Prophet,
sallalahu allayhe wa salam, did so and it rained heavily for
a week. Then a man came back and asked the Prophet to supplicated
for the rain to stop and so the Prophet asked for the rain
to be around them and not on them and the clouds made a circle
After the Prophet's death, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, Umar
used to ask the Prophet's uncle Al-Abbas to supplicated for
rain for them. None of the companions, however, supplicated
to Allah for anything by the right or the status of the Prophet,
sallalahu allayhe wa salam, after his death. Ibn Taymiyah
"So a created being can only benefit another
by means of his supplication or means of help while alive.
So Allah, the Most High, loves that we seek nearness to Him
by means of eman, righteous actions, by sending prayers and
salaam upon His Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, by our
loving him, obeying him and allying ourselves with him. These
are the things which Allah loves to see us seek nearness to
Him by means of."
Related to tawassul, some Muslims
are now asking the Prophet for intercession. Shafa'ah, intercession,
literally means to make something odd, even. In the
dictionary, Lisanul-Arab, shafa'ah is defined as,
intercessor's speaking to a king about a need which he is
requesting for someone else, through whom he intercedes to
attain what is desired."
So people ask the Prophet
to ask Allah to forgive them or to respond to their need.
As mentioned, this was done during the Prophet's lifetime,
but after his death his companions stopped doing this, and
instead, they went to his uncle.
are alive in their graves, and therefore can respond to calls
for intercession. About this Ibn Taymiyah said,
the Prophet, nor any of the prophets before him prescribed
that the people should supplicated to the angels, the prophets,
or the pious, not that they should ask them to intercede for
them, neither after their death, nor when they were absent."
innovations, which have crept into the ummah, are the celebration
of his birthday, the israa and miraj, and the hijarh. Celebrating
these events has no place in the Sunnah of the Prophet of
in the religion of Islam. The Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa
salam, or his companions did not do this. Ibn Taymiyah said
about celebrating the Prophet's birthday,
what many people do is due to imitating the Christians in
their celebrating Jesus' birthday or a claimed love for the
Prophet. These are the reasons behind it. To celebrate the
Prophet's birthday, even when many scholars dispute the date,
is an innovated act the salaf did not do. If this were a good
act, then the salaf would have done it before us."
celebrations have been prescribed for the Muslim ummah, the
Eidul Fitr and the Eidu Adh-ha. Anas said, "The Prophet,
sallalahu allayhe wa salam, came to Madinah and the people
of Madinah had, before Islam, two days for play and amusement.
So the Prophet, sallalahu allayhe wa salam, said,
came to you and you had in jahileeyah two days for play and
amusement. Indeed Allah has replaced them for you by that
which is better than them. The day of Nahr (slaughtering)
and the day of Fitr (breaking fast)."
celebrations, other than these are innovations and have no
part in this religion.
innovations have no part in the religion but are a result
of going to extremes with regard to the rights of the Prophet,
sallalahu allayhe wa salam. Certainly, the Prophet has a high
position of honor among us. But to deviate further into matters
that go against his very teachings is by no means an expression
of love and respect but rather an expression of disobedience
and a straying from the true rights of the Prophet Muhammad,
sallalahu allayhe wa salam.